Some neonatal seizures are mild and short-lived and therefore do not cause any lasting health problems. However, prolonged and untreated seizures can cause permanent damage due to decreased oxygen flow to the brain and excessive brain cell activity.
Do seizures in babies cause brain damage?
Seizure activity in an infant must be diagnosed and treated immediately because seizures can cause nerve cell injury and kill brain cells. Seizures may also adversely alter brain function in other ways like rewiring brain circuitry. The longer a seizure lasts, the more damage it does to the brain.
Are seizures in babies fatal?
Children living with epilepsy have a higher death rate than children without epilepsy. Children who just have seizures are at a lower risk than children who have epilepsy and other neurological disorders, and deaths are usually not related to seizures. SUDEP, Sudden Unexpected Death from Epilepsy, is rare in children.
Are seizures in babies common?
They’re quite common, especially in infants and young children, and they have a wide range of causes. Sometimes, seizures are triggered by a disease or injury, but for most children, there is no detectable cause.
What is the most common cause of seizures in infants?
The most common causes of seizures in pre-term babies are brain haemorrhages and infections, although the cause is not known for all babies. Babies with a low birth weight seem to be especially at risk of seizures.
Can baby seizures be cured?
There is currently no cure for most types of epilepsy. A doctor may prescribe antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) to help prevent seizures. If these drugs do not work, some other potential options include surgery, vagus nerve stimulation, or a special diet.
How do they test babies for seizures?
Electroencephalography. If a doctor suspects epilepsy is causing your child’s symptoms, an electroencephalography, or EEG, may be performed. This is the most specific test for diagnosing epilepsy, because it records the electrical activity of the brain.
What happens to a baby after a seizure?
Your child may look awake, but have a variety of unusual behaviors. These may range from gagging, lip smacking, running, screaming, crying, or laughing. Your child may be tired or sleepy after the seizure. This is called the postictal period.
What happens during an infant seizure?
Focal seizures: Focal seizures may involve the infant having spasms or rigidity in one muscle group, becoming pale, sweating, vomiting, screaming, crying, gagging, smacking their lips, or becoming unconscious.
How long do baby seizures last?
Simple febrile seizures are most common. They’re usually over in a few minutes, but in rare cases can last up to 15 minutes.
What are warning signs of a seizure?
General symptoms or warning signs of a seizure can include:
- Jerking movements of the arms and legs.
- Stiffening of the body.
- Loss of consciousness.
- Breathing problems or stopping breathing.
- Loss of bowel or bladder control.
- Falling suddenly for no apparent reason, especially when associated with loss of consciousness.
What can trigger a seizure?
What are some commonly reported triggers?
- Specific time of day or night.
- Sleep deprivation – overtired, not sleeping well, not getting enough sleep, disrupted sleep.
- Illness (both with and without fever)
- Flashing bright lights or patterns.
- Alcohol – including heavy alcohol use or alcohol withdrawl.
Are seizures curable?
Is there a cure for epilepsy? There’s no cure for epilepsy, but early treatment can make a big difference. Uncontrolled or prolonged seizures can lead to brain damage.
How do you treat seizures in babies?
- Phenobarbital. Phenobarbital is one of the oldest and safest anticonvulsants for children. …
- Valproic Acid (Depakene, Depakote) Valproic acid (Depakene or Depakote) is effective in treating many childhood seizure disorders. …
- Phenytoin (Dilantin) …
- Carbamazepine. …
- Felbamate. …
- Lamotrigine. …
How do you treat seizures in infants?
Seizures in Children Treatment
- Help the child to lie down on their side, preferably in a flat, non-crowded area. …
- Remove glasses or other harmful objects in the area.
- Do not try to put anything in the child’s mouth to try to stop the seizure; you may injure the child or yourself.
How can I prevent my baby from having seizures?
Place the child on a soft surface, such as a bed. Prevent choking by laying the child on his or her side or stomach. Ensure that the child is breathing adequately. Never place anything in the child’s mouth during a convulsion.